View from the Office Window

By: John Berendzen

Amazing – right now there are two men hanging off the arch, taking samples of the staining.  The most prominent area of staining is on the north leg, facing west, about 2/3’s of the way up.  One of the engineers is hanging there right now.

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Maryville Students tour RGA

By: John Berendzen

Recently Bob Dunn gave a tour of the soon to be completed RGA World Headquarters to Professor Jessica Senne’s Interior Design Students, Maryville University.  Elizabeth Kastl, one of the students on the tour sent us this description:

“On September ninth, our junior interior detailing class was lucky enough to have a tour of the under-construction RGA Headquarters building in Chesterfield. This building is very close to my apartment, so I have watched the construction progress with much curiosity. Though, who wouldn’t be curious about how that forty foot cantilever works?  Seeing the project almost finished a few weeks ago was an amazing opportunity for our class. We have studied construction strategies through research, conceptually, and digitally; but most of us had not seen something so tangible. We were able to learn valuable information pertinent to our major in an extremely “hands on” fashion. Bob Dunn, our tour guide and a partner at Fox Architects, had all of the behind-the-scenes information of the building through its initial design and construction. He knew that we are all interiors students in detailing class, so he was able to direct the tour towards the parts of the building that most pertained to us students. We saw what happens up inside the ceiling, inside walls, underneath certain flooring materials to achieve the amenities of a building that we always consider. I know that this information will be in the forefront of our minds as we design projects in school and also out in the real world. Our class was tickled to be a part of the atmosphere of a construction site. Our excitement heightened as we tightened our hardhats, fastened our bright vests, and sported our safety goggles. The junior class at Maryville University of St. Louis cannot thank RGA, Fox Architects, and ClayCo enough for giving us the opportunity to use their space and time to further our education and architectural language. Thank you!”

 

-Elizabeth Kastl, Interior Design Student, Maryville University

 

Below are some images from the tour.

A b c d

Fox Architects featured in St. Louis Business Journal

By: Elise Novak

This week the St. Louis Business Journal published an article announcing an exciting project we are working on here at Fox: an energy innovation center for the University of Dayton’s campus in Dayton, Ohio.

We are working in partnership with the university and with Emerson’s Climate Technologies division to create a state-of-the-art lab facility with a focus on improving energy performance in several industries: commercial refrigeration, residential technologies, data centers, commercial kitchens and supermarkets. The design features flexible spaces that are open and collaborative in nature, including a employee support workspace, classrooms, meeting rooms, and training spaces. The project fosters innovation through the clever use of technology, and encourages industry leaders to be good stewards to future generations.

The project is pursuing LEED certification and is anticipated to open in the winter of 2015.

Read the St. Louis Business Journal’s article here .

Exterior Rendering_Email

Summer Sketching, Coffeeshops and Urban Renewal

By: John Berendzen

Our summer sketching season is in full swing.  This past Friday we visited Stone Spiral Coffee & Curios, a new stop on the sketching circuit.  The coffee was great, outside and inside were awesome – a very nice place to spend the morning.  It took me a while to find it.  I knew it was on Sutton in Maplewood.  I’m familar with the area of Sutton just south of Manchester Road – there’s a lot of renovation that’s happened there in the past few years.  Stone Spiral is north of Manchester though, in what’s essentially a neighborhood, a couple of blocks from the mercantile zone along Manchester.

We visit a lot of coffee shops in conjunction with our sketching.  This got us thinking: you could probably graph the number and quality of neighborhood coffee shops and compare that to the revitalization of a neighborhood.  The two would track side by side.  I’ll admit I’ve haven’t been to Maplewood lately, but driving around looking for Stone Spiral it was obvious that there’s a lot going on in this area, including more coffee shops to put on the docket for summer sketching.  It’s great to see so many positive things happening in our hometown!

stone spiral 1 stone spiral 2

Forty-Seven Views of Leslie Laskey

By: John Berendzen

You can now see the independent film Forty-Seven Views of Leslie Laskey online at this website.  The film follows Laskey over an 11 year period, as he paints, prints, teaches and shares his views on life and the creative process.  The cello music in the background is wonderful.  By filmakers David Wild and Lulu Gargiulo, it’s a portrait of a man who shaped the lives of countless architects in St. Louis and around the world.

 

Leslie Laskey at his 90th Birthday party

Leslie Laskey at his 90th Birthday party

There is No Place Like Home

By: Frank Rosario

“The Greenest Building Is . . . The One Already Built” is the title of an article penned by Carl Elefante, AIA, LEED AP in 2007 and published that summer in the Forum Journal of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.  Sentiments expressed in that piece -including an acknowledgement of the challenges of transforming modern-era buildings to sustainable levels- are ones that many of today’s architects grapple with in dialogue with clients.  The same is true of this architect (and spouse-as-client) when it came time to transition from our 25-years of stewardship of an Arts & Crafts bungalow to a smaller abode.  See picture below.  To be honest, the wonderfully-light, energy-inefficient windows in the picture were since replaced with bronze-aluminum sliders by the immediate-past Owner, but (fingers-crossed) spouse-client can be persuaded to replace the replacements with ones truer to the Streamline Moderne style.  Onward to days of Future Past.

75-yr old Modern

75-yr old Moderne

SMU Datacenter Systems Engineering Symposium

By: John Berendzen

The Bobby B Lyle School of Engineering, Southern Methodist University in Dallas will be hosting a symposium May 5th 2014 entitled “Opportunities for Datacenters: Data Management –  Facilities and Reliability – Security, Energy and Workforce Requirements”  This symposium is part of the new Datacenter Systems Engineering program that SMU has recently launched.

 

I am serving on the Advisory Board for the program, along with other individuals representing the school and industry.

 

From SMU’s website:

“This program is specifically designed for professionals who are actively employed in the management of data and the extraction of useful information, computer networking, virtualization, and security. Additionally, this program addresses the design and maintenance of datacenters; its mission critical facility subsystems and is well suited for students to gain working knowledge and skill sets necessary to enter this field.”

This should be an exciting program – hope to see you in Dallas May 5th.  The event starts with breakfast at 7:30 and finishes at 10:00 a.m.

Sustainability & LEED – Value vs. Cost

By: John Berendzen

LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) is a program started by the US Green Building Council to create a process whereby a building can be certified as following a strict set of rules that follow “green” or sustainable design and construction practices.  Therefore, a “LEED” certified building should be “greener” than a non-certified building, right?

There are a lot of good reasons to follow LEED when building, but there’s also a cost to certifying a project that many owners choose not to bear.  If your project falls into this category, you may opt to follow the LEED process but not go through the work of certification.  Here’s how we suggest you start.

 

First, prioritize the sustainable design challenges for your project, from most important to least.  For instance, if your project is located in a hot, dry climatic zone your most important issue may be enhancing your building envelope and optimizing your cooling systems.  If your project is an office environment in a leased space, providing appropriate daylight and views for staff may top your list.  To be effective with your sustainable design, identify your biggest challenges and set goals for how you might respond.

Next, take those problems identified above and research how LEED guides you to a more sustainable solution.  Here are a few examples of projects that used the LEED process without gaining certification:

solar analysis

For our recently completed Regulator Technologies Headquarters, we determined early in the project that minimizing solar heat gain on our envelope while providing excellent daylight and views for the building population were most important.  We began where LEED points you – by utilizing an integrated design process for the envelope (leveraging the entire design/ownership/construction team) and modeling the various alternatives the team proposed.

Our process leveraged LEED Energy and Atmosphere Prequisite 2 and Credit 1.  We began by looking at the solar path on our site, and oriented the building to keep the largest glazed areas facing north and south.  Our energy modeling looked at rotating our building along all the cardinal points, and the north/south alignment was most efficient.  We then proposed multiple concepts for minimizing the solar load on the south face.  These included multiple options for high performance glass, basic insulated glass, solar shade devices, no solar shade devices, white (high albedo) roof and substituting spandrel glass for vision glass in select areas.  By using the energy model, we were able to select a high performing glass (along with spandrel glass the most effective parts of the envelope for minimizing solar heat gain) along with solar shading and a high albedo roof.  Our model indicates that this design will save 38.2% over a basic design, with no solar shading and basic insulated glass.  We also estimated that the payback for these decisions was less than 3 years.

 

sun screen photo

We choose not to go through the entire documentation process to see how many LEED points our final building would have gained in EA Credit 1 – this would have been nice to know but had not impact or return on investment.  By concentrating on our biggest challenge, we were able to leverage the LEED process to great effect at the lowest cost.

 

While we believe that LEED certification is a laudable goal, we realize that not every project can bear these costs.   As architects, we believe that all projects deserve a design process which explores a variety of design alternatives early in the project, and these alternatives should be grounded in effective, results oriented sustainable design.  So for your next project, if LEED certification is not achievable, consider using the LEED process as a guideline for creative, sustainable design.

Lewis & Clark Branch Library

By: Jon Hagar

On Wednesday, January 29, I joined fellow members of Modern STL to present an alternative future for the Lewis & Clark Branch Library in Moline Acres. The County Library System released a Facilities Master Plan in 2012 that designated the 16,000 SF branch to be demolished and replaced by a new 20,000 SF facility. Modern STL argues that the existing building, designed by Frederick Dunn in 1963 with stained glass by Emil & Frie artist Robert Harmon, is perfect for reuse, not only for its architectural heritage but also because its open floor plan and ample natural light make it very flexible and adaptable for future expansion.

Lewis and Clark Branch Library

Lewis and Clark Branch Library

 

I worked with fellow designers Neil Chace and Jeremy Claggett to develop a building concept, site plan, and rendering, all of which can be seen in Modern STL’s newsletter. Using the “model program” outlined in the Library’s Facilities Master Plan as a guide, we added ~4,000 SF to the existing 16,000 SF building. The result is a modest addition that makes its own architectural statement but remains deferent to the Dunn original. It’s important to emphasize that this is just one possible solution, and one that was arrived at after only a brief charrette.

Rendering showing proposed addition

Rendering showing proposed addition

Public support for the building is growing. Many residents were unaware of the plans for the library and there is a petition circulating to show support. Please read and sign. If you don’t believe me, read AIA St Louis director Michelle Swatek’s excellent Letter to the Editor in the St Louis Post Dispatch.

The value of commissioning

By: John Berendzen

Have you ever heard an engineer or a contractor use the term “commissioning” and wondered what they were talking about?  Like any profession, those in the design and construction industry have their own language.  Commissioning is one of those terms we throw around often without explaining what we mean.  This is unfortunate, because the concept behind commissioning is both simple and critical to performance of our buildings.  So, what is commissioning?   To explain, it helps to consider how buildings are designed and constructed.

There’s an advertisement making the rounds today of the design magazines that asks “Still buying building envelopes this way? (1)  It features a picture of a car that’s been dismantled into it’s component parts and neatly spread across the floor – hundreds of pieces.  It’s a pretty effective ad, and it highlights a fact about the design and construction industry that most people don’t think about – buildings are made of thousands of components, and it’s the job of the designers and contractors to figure out how all these disparate parts fit and function together.  This is not an easy task.

Commissioning is the process of looking at one group of parts in any building – for example, the building’s Electrical system – and testing it to see if it is functioning in the way the designers intended.  Electrical and HVAC systems are the most common targets for commissioning, but you can commission any system – the building skin (roof, walls and floor), plumbing systems, electrical systems etc.

commisssioning

You might be tempted to ask “why should I have to consider commissioning – I’ve already paid the architects and engineers to design it, and I’ve paid my contractor to build it – isn’t that enough?  Depending on the complexity of your project, the answer might require careful consideration.  For years, Data Center operators have understood that the testing and verification from commissioning is required for their business – even though they hire the best designers and contractors for this specialized work – because systems don’t typically start up as planned and the mission critical nature of a data center requires assurances that things will function as expected.  Even if everything functioned perfectly, it’s imperative a data center operator can verify to their clients that the systems work properly.  Commissioning enables them to provide that security.

In non-mission critical projects commissioning can pay dividends.  Management consultant Peter Drucker said “if you can’t measure it, you can’t manage it”.  Commissioning is a process that measures performance.  When you commission a building’s walls and roof, part of what happens is measuring the amount of air or moisture that passes through the skin.  Even though major products like windows are tested by agencies like UL for performance, that window is typically placed in a wall assembly that has multiple parts, and those parts often join with the floors or roof in ways that were not part of the standard UL test.   Commissioning your building skin might include looking at those areas with thermal imaging equipment.  Normally if air or moisture is leaking through the assembly it happens at these joints.  A small opening in these joints might be adequate to keep out the rain, but heat, cold and moisture might be traveling through and over the life of the building, the extra cost to cover this thermal load can be significant.  High performance buildings require a higher level of “fine tuning” to make them function properly.  Commissioning is “tuning” your building.

Commissioning is most commonly used in conjunction with HVAC and Electrical systems.  The complexity of these systems (especially HVAC) and the cost involved with these systems is why they often undergo commissioning.  As a building owner, you might assume that having your consulting engineer observe the system installation during construction would be enough to insure that the system is functioning as expected.  While many issues are resolved and correctly installed this way, things can be missed.  For example, Fox recently completed a 50,000 SF build out for a law firm.  We provided fully engineered mechanical, electrical, plumbing and fire protection documents.  The building was a new high rise office tower – the law firm was the first tenant in this space.   Since this project was constructed as a LEED certified interior, commissioning was required.  The commissioning report found problems with a fan terminal unit’s control board, incorrect settings on other fan terminal units and improperly located CO2 sensors.  These problems could not be determined through a standard inspection.  They required running the system through various temperature scenario’s to detect.  Without commissioning, the tenant likely would have complained temperature swings without knowing the cause.

If you have been involved with a LEED certified project, you are most likely familiar with commissioning, but it can pay big dividends on non-LEED projects also.   Our office has recently been involved with multiple projects that were bid through a reverse auction process.  We have found that this type of bidding, or any bidding where the mechanical and electrical subcontractors can’t be pre-selected benefits immensely from commissioning.   In a low bid scenario, coordination with other trades and start-up/troubleshooting of mechanical and electrical systems is cut to the bare minimum from subcontractor bids.  High performance buildings with complex systems require more than the bare minimum to function properly.  It’s also good insurance for the owner to contract with a third party (no connection with the design team and the contractor) for commissioning.  This way you have a neutral party insuring that both the design and installation is adequate and functioning properly.

Commissioning requires a considerable amount of testing and inspection from the commissioning agent.  Prices for commissioning typically range from a dollar per square foot to $1.16 for new construction.  The return on investment from improved system efficiency typically pays back in less than 4 years, however. (2)

At Fox we believe in the value of commissioning for all our projects.  Musical instruments must be tuned before playing.  Buildings must also be tuned to get the maximum return on investment.  Commissioning is a critical step in that process!

 

   1. Oldcastle Building Envelope, Architecture Magazine, January 2014
   2. Lawrence Berkley National Labs, Building Commissioning 2009 Assessment